Lou Dobbs

  1. How long has he been on CNN?
    In depth. Hears from both sides.

    Just part of the last couple shows:

    President Bush Defends Economic Policy; E-Democracy
    Aired March 10, 2004 - 18:00 ET
    LOU DOBBS, CNN ANCHOR: Tonight: President Bush says critics of his economic policies are defeatists.

    GEORGE W. BUSH, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: We'll prove the pessimists wrong again.

    DOBBS: Controversy over electronic voting. Today, two leading senators demand paper records for touch-screen machines.

    SEN. HILLARY CLINTON (D), NEW YORK: We have to restore trust in our voting and we have to do it now.

    DOBBS: E-democracy in our "Face-Off" tonight. The marketing director of Diebold and a security expert with two very different views on e-voting.

    The export of American jobs could turn the United States into a Third World country, so says economist Paul Craig Roberts. He's our guest.

    And the power struggle in the Sierra Club, America's oldest environmental group struggling with immigration and population growth. I'll be joined by former Colorado Governor Richard Lamm, running for the Sierra Club's board of directors.


    ANNOUNCER: This is LOU DOBBS TONIGHT for Wednesday, March 10. Here now for an hour of news, debate and opinion, Lou Dobbs.

    DOBBS: Good evening.

    President Bush today struck back at unnamed critics of his economic policies. The president said his opponents have a tired, defeatist mind-set. President Bush said economic isolationism, as he termed it, would lead to retaliation from other countries, retaliation that would cost American jobs.

    But the president made not mention of this country's growing trade deficit. The trade deficit rose to a record $43 billion in January, as Americans bought huge quantities of foreign-made goods.

    Senior White House correspondent John King reports -- John.

    JOHN KING, CNN SR. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: And, Lou, the president making that aggressive defense of his approach today in one of the state's hardest hit by the decline in the manufacturing sector, Ohio, one of the places where the debate over outsourcing U.S. jobs to cheap overseas labor markets is most emotional.

    You see the president here. He's touring a factory that exports 60 percent of its products. The president used that factory tour to make his very assertive case that free and fair trade, as he calls it, is part of the solution in a difficult jobs market, not part of the problem, as many of his critics say.

    Now, as the president made his way through Ohio, he is mindful of the fact that no Republican has won the White House without carrying that very critical state, the president saying those who say trade is bad or that want to erect what the president calls protectionist barriers, the president says they do not understand the global economy.


    BUSH: One in five factory jobs in this country directly depends on trade. The surest way to threaten those jobs is a policy of economic isolation. The surest way to add more jobs is a confident policy, a confident economic policy that trades with the world.


    KING: Now, the president never mentioned his Democratic opponent, Senator John Kerry by name, but aides say he had Senator Kerry in mind. Senator Kerry supported NAFTA. He supported trade preferential treatment for China. But he now says, if elected, he would review all major trade agreements.

    The White House says that is protectionist. Senator Kerry also would repeal some of the Bush tax cuts. The White House says that would damage the economy. The president addressed that directly today.


    BUSH: That old policy of tax and spend is the enemy of job creation. The old policy of economic isolationism is a recipe for economic disaster.


    KING: It is a tough sell for the president. In Ohio, the unemployment rate is 6.2 percent. Again, 160,000 manufacturing jobs lost during the Bush presidency.

    And as the president made his case in Ohio, today, Lou, word back here at the White House that, five months after the president promised to name a so-called manufacturing czar, the administration has settled on a Nebraska businessman for that post. Tony Raimondo will be announced soon, by the White House, we are told. He is an outspoken advocate of free trade. Senator Kerry says this is too little, too late. Senator Kerry also says, in his word, one more government bureaucrat cannot make up for the loss of 2.5 million manufacturing jobs -- Lou.

    DOBBS: John, I think we all have to be curious. The president for a second day has talked about economic isolationism. Who is he referring to? Is there anyone calling for economic isolationism?

    KING: Well, the administration says that Senator Kerry is trying to have it both ways on trade. Again, Senator Kerry voted for NAFTA. He voted for China's preferential trade status. He now says he would review trade agreements and he would possibly try to amend those trade agreements.

    So that is one reason, because the senator has a mixed record on this. The White House did not mention him by name, but they says he certainly had him in mind. But, again, Senator Kerry saying he's no protectionist. He simply wants a fair deal for U.S. workers. Look for eight more months of this debate, Lou.

    DOBBS: Again, I have got to press the point a bit, John, if I may, because the term economic isolationist suggests putting fences around the country, around our borders. John Kerry, no one else in public life that I know of, has made such a request.

    KING: And that is part of the rebuttal that you hear from the Kerry campaign to the president's remarks today.

    What the president says is, if you put those trade agreements back on the table, if you even say you are going to reconsider NAFTA, you're going to reconsider the trade agreement with China -- Senator Kerry has said he opposes the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas, a proposal making its way through the Congress now.

    The White House says that even at the suggestion of reviewing those trade agreements, that foreign competitors would retaliate against the United States. Now, as you are making the point, many of this president's critics say that's an unfair criticism.

    DOBBS: John, thank you very much -- John King, our senior White House correspondent.

    During his speech in Ohio today, President Bush made a point of emphasizing the contribution of the Honda Motor Company to the state and national economy. President Bush said 16,000 Americans work for Honda in Ohio. Honda hired those workers to gain access to the world's biggest consumer car market. And the company's profits go straight back to Japan.

    Bill Tucker reports.


    BILL TUCKER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Speaking in Cleveland, Ohio, President Bush made an interesting claim. BUSH: Foreign companies recognize the quality of American workers and that is one of the reasons why so many have chosen to locate plants in our country.

    TUCKER: The quality of American workers is not in question. But that's not why many foreign automakers have plants in the United States.

    ALAN TONELSON, U.S. BUSINESS & INDUSTRY COUNCIL: No, no, and they are not here because of free trade and globalization, either. The United States imposed quotas on all foreign automobile imports. We basically said jump. They said, how high? And they did exactly what the U.S. government wanted them to do.

    TUCKER: The policy was imposed in the early '80s and it has worked wonders. Foreign automakers now have plants and joint ventures in 11 states. There are plants in Michigan, California, Illinois. And those employ United Auto Workers. Plants in South Carolina, Alabama, Ohio, Tennessee, Mississippi, Indiana, Kentucky, and a soon- to-open Toyota plant in Texas all will be non-union.

    Sounds great, right? Well, not everyone thinks so. After all, we're granting access to our markets and those companies are taking the profits away.

    REP. MARCY KAPTUR (D), OHIO: It's as though they are siphoning off some of our wealth -- and they are -- and we're getting nothing for it in their homelands. That's why I think these trade agreements have to be amended, why, with every nation where we have a deficit, we ought to have major trade negotiations under way either to open their markets or to stop playing like Uncle Sap.

    TUCKER: But instead of recognizing its economic power, the United States seems reluctant to use it.


    TUCKER: And, meanwhile, the big three become the big two, with Ford and General Motors the only domestic automakers left. And in the process, the Motor Vehicle Manufacturers of America become, well, the more global-sounding Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers -- Lou.

    DOBBS: Politics and economics.

    TUCKER: You betcha.

    DOBBS: Bill, thank you very much -- Bill Tucker.

    Senator Kerry also on the offensive tonight, this time against the president's tax policies. In a campaign stop in Chicago, Senator Kerry called for bigger tax cuts for middle-class Americans, but tax increases for those who make more than $200,000 a year. Senator Kerry also criticized President Bush's record on job creation.

    (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) SEN. JOHN KERRY (D-MA), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: George Bush thinks exporting our jobs is good economic policy. I believe that creating jobs here in America, keeping good jobs here, and exporting goods is good for our economy.
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  3. by   pickledpepperRN
    CIA Director Defends Agency; Florida Electronic Voting Under Fire
    Aired March 9, 2004 - 18:00 ET
    LOU DOBBS, CNN ANCHOR (voice-over): Tonight, primary contests in four states. In Florida, some e-voting machines malfunction. I'll be joined by Congressman Robert Wexler of Florida and the woman overseeing Florida's elections, Florida Secretary of State Glenda Hood.

    CIA Director George Tenet today defended his agency from critics on Capitol Hill.

    GEORGE TENET, CIA DIRECTOR: When I believed that somebody was misconstruing intelligence, I said something about it.

    DOBBS: Tonight, the battle to save millions of American jobs from cheap overseas labor markets. A researcher who says millions of jobs are at risk, a New York state senator who wants to outlaw it, and a businessman who can prove consumers are a big part of the problem.

    Detroit has a surprise. American cars are more reliable than European cars for the first time in a quarter of a century.

    And you are looking at the deepest images of space ever taken, new minimum ages from Hubble, a telescope NASA wants to kill.


    ANNOUNCER: This is LOU DOBBS TONIGHT for Tuesday, March 9. Here now for an hour of news, debate and opinion, Lou Dobbs.

    DOBBS: Good evening.

    President Bush today called critics of his trade policies economic isolationists. Speaking today at a Commerce Department awards ceremony, President Bush claimed the economy is creating good high-paying jobs for American citizens, despite the fact that we've lost millions of private sector jobs over the past three years.

    Senior White House correspondent John King has the report -- John.

    JOHN KING, CNN SR. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: And, Lou, that speech from the president today just one bit of evidence, further proof today of how intense the debate over the economy and specifically over trade policy will be in this presidential election year. You noted the president's speech. He did that at the Commerce Department, the annual Malcolm Baldrige Awards ceremony, the president making the case that, yes, times have been tough. But in his view the economy is doing well and that more jobs are on the way, and the president insisting that one reason that the United States has what he calls the fastest major growing industrialized economy in the world was his trade policy.


    GEORGE W. BUSH, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: There are economic isolationists in our country who believe we should separate ourselves from the rest of the world by raising up barriers and closing off markets. They are wrong.


    KING: The president says even more trade is the secret to creating even more jobs in this country, though he did promise that any free trade should also be fair trade.

    The president travels tomorrow to Ohio. He will make this point again when he tours a high-tech factory that exports its product overseas, the president saying that is the best way to create jobs in this country. But he will be greeted by fierce Democratic criticism. More than 160,000 manufacturing jobs lost in Ohio during the Bush administration. Critics in that state and elsewhere blaming Bush administration trade policies for some of that job loss.

    And, Lou, in a letter to the White House tonight some Democratic members of Congress from Ohio say that at a minimum the president should endorse legislation that gives tax incentives, rewards companies that make their products and create jobs here in the United States -- Lou.

    DOBBS: John, the president actually said that high-paying, high- value jobs were being created. He didn't say they would be created, when in point of fact we have lost nearly 3 percent of our private sector jobs in the last three years. Do you know the reasoning of the White House there?

    KING: Well, the White House makes the case, Lou, that even more jobs would have been lost, fewer jobs created in this economy, had it not been for the president's tax cut, No. 1, and, the White House insists, the president's trade policy.

    But that is one of the cutting, defining issues, debates about the economy, in this presidential campaign. More and more, Senator Kerry is criticizing the president, other Democrats being even much more aggressive in criticizing the president, and even some Republicans. Lou, remember there are congressional elections this year as well. Many Republicans think, again, at a minimum, the president should try to do more to protect and reward those companies that do, in fact, not only make their products, but create jobs here in the United States.

    DOBBS: John, thank you very much -- John King, our senior White House correspondent.

    Economic isolationism, those were the words of the president today and they seemed to be the theme of the day from the Bush administration. And the U.S. trade representative was directly on message on Capitol Hill.

    Robert Zoellick testified before the Senate Finance Committee, a skeptical audience, on the topic of so-called free trade.

    Louise Schiavone reports from Washington.


    LOUISE SCHIAVONE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The nation's chief trade negotiator is telling Congress that the Bush administration is determined to assure that free trade is also fair.

    ROBERT ZOELLICK, U.S. TRADE REPRESENTATIVE: We are not going to be able to sustain open markets in this country unless we get some markets open elsewhere. And that includes some major developing countries that frankly over the past years have taken very few cuts. And it's not only a question frankly in agriculture, Chairman. It's going to be in manufactured goods, as well.

    SCHIAVONE: Robert Zoellick repeatedly warned against economic isolationism, but assured lawmakers that China and India stand warned that U.S. views free trade as a two-way street. The Bush administration, he says, may press a World Trade Organization against China for unfair tax advantages going to its semiconductor industry.

    And the U.S. is asking India to retreat on industrial and agricultural tariffs and quotas and to increase protections against intellectual piracy. Nevertheless, Democrats and Republicans alike scolded the White House for being weak on fair trade.

    SEN. MAX BAUCUS (D), MONTANA: In the last three years, we have lost about three million jobs in this country. Some of those are moving overseas and, increasingly, the jobs moving overseas are high- paying and higher-skilled jobs.

    SEN. OLYMPIA SNOWE (R), MAINE: I am just wondering, at what point are we going to be aggressive in pursuing this issue on behalf of workers and industry in America?

    SCHIAVONE: With the likely Democratic presidential nominee hammering Republicans daily about the outsourcing of American jobs, Finance Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley urged restraint.

    SEN. CHARLES GRASSLEY (R), IOWA: I don't have a single town meeting where there isn't something brought up about outsourcing. We simply cannot allow our economic policy to be guided by politics.

    SCHIAVONE: On one point, there was an agreement, that opening new markets for U.S. goods and services is key to the nation's prosperity.


    SCHIAVONE: Lou, Zoellick made it clear that the Bush administration is extremely sensitive to the political damage that many associate with free trade policies and is eager to look like it is fighting for American workers -- Lou.

    DOBBS: Louise, thank you very much.

    And I want to point out now, if I may, that we have on this broadcast numerous times recently, in particular, asked U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick to join us here to talk about the administration's so-called free trade policies and other views about trade and outsourcing, and the U.S. trade representative has declined throughout and did so again today.

    Tonight, I'll have a few thoughts in my commentary later in the broadcast about the president's decision to look at trade today in extreme bipolar terms, a choice he said between so-called free trade and the terms economic isolationism. I'll also be talking with three people who have very different perspectives on the export of millions of American jobs to cheap overseas labor markets.

    Turning to today's primaries, the first polls in Florida close less than an hour from now. The election is the first big test for new e-voting machines in Florida; 15 of the state's counties are using paperless touch-screen voting devices. Election officials say voting in most of the state has been trouble free. But some voters say the electronic machines failed to work properly.

    Among the problems today, some polling places opened late because of complications with those machines. Poll workers in some other places set up the machines incorrectly and electronic polling cards were stuck in some voting machines. Some of the problems were apparently due to inadequate training for election workers. One Republican voter said the complication meant he could have voted in the Democratic primary had he wanted to.

    Another voter complained the electronic ballots were hard to read and might accidentally result in choosing the wrong candidate. Electronic voting problems in California as well. Mistakes by poll workers in Orange County last week allowed many voters to cast ballots in the wrong legislative districts. "The Los Angeles Times" reports that as many as 7,000 voters were given the wrong access code for their voting machines.

    Orange County say the mistakes didn't affect the outcome of any race. But critics say the problems are further evidence that electronic voting machines are unreliable. As we reported here last night, a Florida congressman is suing state election officials to ensure touch-screen voting machines can create a paper trail for possible recounts.

    Congressman Robert Wexler says paperless voting machines are unconstitutional, in fact, and he joins us now.

    Congressman, good to have you with us.


    DOBBS: The first question is, the voting today seems to be going pretty well in Florida. What's your reaction?

    WEXLER: Well, I always hope that the voting goes well.

    My objection to the electronic machines in Florida is that those voters who vote are not certain that the machine will tabulate their voted choice the way in which they intended it. There's no certainty.

    Also, in Florida, we have a requirement, which the whole country knows, of a manual recount. And these machines are incapable of conducting a manual recount in a close election. The reason why I say they are unconstitutional is because Bush vs. Gore requires each state to have a uniform set of standards. In some counties, we don't have electric machines and they can do recounts. And in some of the largest counties, we now have the electronic machines and no recounts can be had.

    What the manufacturers are saying of these machines, these machines are perfect. They are infallible. There will never be a mistake.

    DOBBS: Congressman, you have sued in federal court now under that same theory. The same suit was rejected in state court. Why do you think you'll prevail in federal?

    WEXLER: Well, it was rejected in state court because the state court judge said I didn't have standing, because I didn't have an injury, which I would take exception to and we're appealing.

    And what they meant was that I didn't lose an election that was close enough, so I didn't have a recount. The fact of the matter is, this is a much larger issue than me, Robert Wexler, or any individual. This goes to the very integrity of our voting system in America. And I think we need to decide before we have another presidential chaotic election what we're going to do in a close election with electronic machines.

    DOBBS: And, again, the issue in the congressman's lawsuit, that is an audit trail, if you will, for at least 15 counties in Florida that do not have a paper record.

    Congressman Robert Wexler, thanks for being with us here.

    WEXLER: Thank you.

    DOBBS: Voters are using electronic voting machines in all four states holding Democratic primaries today. A total of 465 delegates are available to the Democratic candidates in Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas. Senator John Kerry is expected to win most of those, but they will not be enough to win the almost 2,200 delegates needed to win the party's nomination.

    Senator Kerry campaigned in Florida this morning. He is tonight in Illinois to campaign ahead of its primary. That will be a week from today.

    And that brings us to the subject of tonight's poll. How much confidence do you have in electronic voting, a lot, some, a little, or none? We ask you to vote at CNN.com/Lou. We'll have the results for you later in the show.

    Later in this broadcast, I'll be talking with Florida Secretary of State Glenda Hood. She is the one responsible for overseeing all of the elections in Florida. We'll be talking about how it's going. Those polls closing in about 45 minutes.

    DOBBS: CIA Director George Tenet today says he does not believe President Bush overstated the case for war against Saddam Hussein. But Tenet said policy-makers put the sense of urgency on the intelligence that the CIA provided.

    National security correspondent David Ensor reports.


    DAVID ENSOR, CNN NATIONAL SECURITY CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Under pointed questioning by Senate Democrats, George Tenet said he does not believe the Bush administration manipulated intelligence to justify the war in Iraq. But he conceded, some statements by the vice president and others went beyond what the intelligence showed.

    EDWARDS: And when you see this intelligence you provide being misrepresented, misstated by the highest authorities, when do you say no? Because you can't have it both ways, can you, Mr. Tenet?

    TENET: Senator, I can tell you that I'm not going to sit here today and tell you what my interaction was and what I did or what I didn't do, except that you have to have the confidence to know that, when I believed that somebody was misconstruing intelligence, I said something about it.

    ENSOR: Michigan's Carl Levin pressed further concerning a classified intelligence document on Iraqi weapons of mass destruction compiled by Pentagon officials working for Undersecretary Douglas Feith, a document Tenet said went too far and that the CIA convinced the Pentagon to withdraw. Then why, Levin asked, did Vice President Cheney recently cite it as the best source of information on the matter?

    TENET: I was unaware that he had said that and I will talk to him about it.

    ENSOR: On the Republican side, Pat Roberts of Kansas complained that 14 probes into the use of intelligence are already under way, taking up CIA time answering questions.

    SEN. PAT ROBERTS (R), KANSAS: Is there anybody left down at Langley doing their job?

    TENET: Sir, I would say that we are spending a lot of time on it. I know it's important. This is a community that believes in oversight.

    SEN. WAYNE ALLARD (R), COLORADO: No doubt we're in a political year, presidential election. You can tell that from some of the rhetoric.


    ENSOR: The hearing underscored the sharp divisions on Iraq and intelligence. And they are likely to deepen in this political year -- Lou.

    DOBBS: That's remarkable, that Feith's assessment made its way into the vice president's expressions, if you will, and that the CIA director did not know it. That's a remarkable development.

    ENSOR: One got the sense from what George Tenet said in response to that question that he may want to put someone on his staff to the job of just watching what various senior officials say, so as to be able to let them know when they have gone beyond what the intelligence really does says.

    DOBBS: And I won't ask you to comment on this, but it looked at though the CIA director was not particularly pleased to learn of that today. ENSOR: I got that impression.


    DOBBS: David, thank you very much -- David Ensor from Washington.

    And also tonight, a panel joins us to discuss the issue of exporting America. George Colony, a Forrester researcher, says three million jobs or more are at risk. Chris Larsen of E-Loan and New York State Senator David Paterson join us.

    DOBBS: Earlier, my guest Congressman Robert Wexler and I discussed his lawsuit calling for paper records of all electronic votes in Florida. My guest now is named in Congressman Wexler's lawsuit, as you might expect for the secretary of state of Florida. Florida Secretary of State Glenda Hood says this suit is a disservice to American voters who have faith in the new e-voting system. She was our guest last night. She predicted a smooth day for voters in Florida.

    And she is with us tonight from Tallahassee.

    Secretary Hood, how is it going today? Is it as good a performance as you expected?

    GLENDA HOOD, FLORIDA SECRETARY OF STATE: Well, actually it's been a noneventful day.

    The polls opened. We had two precincts in the whole state where there was a slight day in opening, one because the clerk had a flat tire on the way to the poll, and so just minor things as far as opening. We have not had any reported malfunctions of equipment or any problems of any significance with equipment. And so it's been a noneventful voting day.

    And that's good, because, as I told you last night, it's very important that people realize that we have made dramatic changes in Florida. We put uniformity as far as our processes in place. We have been working hard to educate the voter. Our supervisors of elections, who have the ultimate authority in each of the 67 counties around the state, have worked hard today educate the voters, to get them familiar and comfortable with new voting equipment.

    DOBBS: Secretary, we have heard of a few glitches, amongst them, in Broward, but, as you say, nothing large or dramatic. Yet we're left with senator -- Congressman Wexler's lawsuit going to the issue of the 15 counties without paper records. How are you going to respond to that? What do you think is the appropriate response?

    HOOD: Well, of course, remember, those touch-screen machines can print out an audit record, a printed audit record. As far as the lawsuit, I'm certainly not going to sit here and speculate on the outcome of a lawsuit.

    But I will tell you that in a previous lawsuit it was thrown out in its entirety by a Judge Karen Miller here in the state of Florida through circuit court.

    DOBBS: And the concerns, though, amongst some voters, and for the moment laying aside the issue of whether these machines can be hacked, all of that, the idea of providing for the peace of mind of the voter and for the security and integrity of the system, what do you think about putting in paper records in Florida?

    HOOD: Well, certainly that might be something that's discussed. And when a machine is fully developed and manufactured and goes through the testing at the national level with the standards that have been developed at the federal level and then through our very rigorous certification process, that may very well be the case in the future.

    But right now, in the state of Florida, we have made dramatic changes. And since 2002, we have had the very best as far as technology available. We built voter confidence. And I do feel that it's a great disservice to create the feeling that there's a problem when there is not. And we've had successful elections, hundreds of them, since 2002.

    HOOD: Congressman Wexler was voted in on a touch-screen machine. He didn't seem to raise an issue then.

    DOBBS: Did he send you a thank you note for the certification? Secretary, that was simply rhetorical question and an unnecessary one. And I apologize for it.

    The point is, you have had, it appears to this point, a very successful day. We know you have got about another 35 minutes before your work renews intensely. And we thank you for being with us here.

    HOOD: Thank you very much, Lou. Good to be with you.

    DOBBS: Our extensive coverage of the exporting of America has received its own coverage of late, some of it criticizing me. I can't imagine that, but I'll have a reaction or two the and a few words in response next.

    Also, we'll have a panel discussion with three experts on the exporting of America, coming at the issue from quite different perspectives. George Colony of Forrester Research, Chris Larsen of E- Loan, and New York State Senator David Paterson join us.

    And then, one American industry is certainly back on top after a 25-year battle with Europe. We'll have that story for you and an extraordinary set of images from the Hubble space scope, the telescope NASA wants to kill.
  4. by   pickledpepperRN
    DOBBS: Let's start with some opinion.

    You may have noticed recently that I'm being attacked for some of my views about the exporting of American jobs and my calls for a balanced U.S. trade policy.

    Gerard Baker of "The Financial Times" recently called me "the high priest of demotic sensationalism." An editorial in "The Economist" magazine has accused me of embarking on "a rabidly anti- trade editorial agenda and greeting every announcement of lost jobs as akin to a terrorist assault."

    Daniel Henninger of "The Wall Street Journal" excoriated me, I must say in high style, for my troglodyte views on outsourcing. He says, "It's as if whatever made Linda Blair's head spin around in 'The Exorcist' had invade the body of Lou Dobbs and left him with the brain of Dennis Kucinich." "Washington Post" columnist James Glassman has simply accused me of being a "table-thumping protectionist."

    Now, those quotes are from some of the most respected news organizations and there have been dozens of other articles critical of some of my views that outsourcing American jobs is neither sound, smart, humane, nor in the national interest.

    And I will tell you that it does make a fellow think when attacked so energetically and so personally. But in none of those attacks, upon reflection, has a single columnist or news organization seen fit to deal with the facts that present themselves now.

    No. 1, we're not creating jobs in the private sector in this country. That has never before happened in our history. Our economists and our politicians, our leaders, need to come up with answers, not dogma.

    No. 2, we haven't had a trade surplus in this country in more than two decades. And our trade deficit continues to soar to new record levels.

    No. 3, we have lost three million jobs in this country over the past three years and millions more American jobs are at risk of being outsourced to cheap overseas labor markets. That seems to me, at the least, to be more than sufficient evidence for all of us, Republicans and Democrats alike, to question critically the policies of both parties that have led to us this critical juncture in our economy and our history.

    Frankly, I would love to be proved wrong in my views. And I would gladly change my position if only the critics would answer a few questions factually, empirically and straightforwardly. First, how many more jobs must we lose before they become concerned about our middle class and our strength as a consumer market.

    Two, when will the United States have to quit borrowing foreign capital to buy more foreign goods that support European and Asian economies while driving this nation deeper into debt.

    Three, what jobs will our currently 15 million unemployed workers fill? Where and when? My critics and proponents of so-called free trade and my views on outsourcing suggest I'm a protectionist because I want to curtail the export of American jobs to cheap foreign labor markets just to reduce wage levels and to eliminate our trade deficit and to pursue balanced trade policy.

    Our principal trading partners include Canada, China, Japan and the European Union. All typically maintain annual trade surpluses and pursue balanced trade. Why don't my critics call them protectionists? Why not call them economic isolationists.

    My critics and proponents of the status quo are offering false choices. They say we must decide between protectionism or economic isolationism as the president said today and so-called free trade. I'm sure they believe those choices are the only ones available. I don't question their sincerity. But perhaps they are also afraid our policymakers may soon discover a middle ground for a desperately needed new U.S. trade policy. A balanced trade policy in the national interest.

    I'm joined now by three guests with unique perspectives on the exporting of America. George Colony is the chairman and CEO of Forrester Research. A well-known Forrester study forecasts this country will lose at least 3.3 million professional and service jobs to cheap overseas labor markets by 2015.

    And joining us, Chris Larsen. He is the chairman and CEO of E- Loans. The online lender now let's its customers decide whether their loan applications are processed in this country or in India. And Chris Larsen joins us from Sacramento. Good to have you with us, Chris.

    And New York state Senate minority leader David Paterson. He will soon introduce a bill designed to keep jobs in this country. State Senator Paterson joins us from Albany, New York. Thank you all for being with us.

    Let me begin first and I think it's appropriate that we begin with you, George, because your survey -- your forecast really first put the parameters around the issue. Over 3 million jobs lost over a period of time. Do you have a comfort factor about the number of outsourcing jobs that have been lost to overseas markets?

    GEORGE COLONY, CEO, FORRESTER RESEARCH: Today it's about 220,000 jobs that have gone offshore by year end 2003. We advise large corporations who in the technology policies and also how they outsource. There are really four imperatives we see for those companies. One, it's not for everybody. 60 percent of American companies have not outsourced yet. Only 15 percent have done it to date. So it's not for everyone. It's hard to manage. We're finding that it costs about double the cost to manage an offshore job than it would onshore and, third, it's -- very hard to do...

    DOBBS: You know that flies in the face of McKenzie (ph) which says basically that it is the path to efficiency and glory and productivity and will result in a 72-percent savings as a result of lower labor costs.

    COLONY: We're not finding that. It's actually quite hard to do.


    DOBBS: Straightforwardly, I'm delighted to hear it. I hope it is difficult to the point of impossible.

    COLONY: It's very tough, in fact.

    DOBBS: Let me turn to you, if I may, David Paterson. Your bill suggests withholding taxpayer funds from companies that outsource. How realistic is that you will see that bill passed and how effective do you think it will be?

    DAVID PATERSON (D), MINORITY LEADER, NEW YORK STATE SENATE: I think when the bill is understood everyone will want to pass it, Lou. We are not trying to put these companies on a blacklist and we're not in any way trying to impede them.

    DOBBS: You're not an economic isolationist as the president said today?

    PATERSON: We understand it is an evolving global market and we all want to be a part of it. What we're saying is that where companies are outsourcing we think the public should know about it so the public can make a choice. We think they should give six months notice before they transfer jobs overseas so workers can be aware. We should not make American workers be denied their severance pay if they don't train their foreign replacements as some companies are doing.

    Finally, and I feel like I'm giving the NFL football sort of disclosure, but we want the express written consent of consumers when their records are being transferred overseas, particularly medical records and personal banking or accounting or taxpayer records where the rights of privacy laws are not as strong as they are here in the USA.

    DOBBS: It is one of the huge issues amongst many that are not being dealt with here. You are absolutely right. COLONY: The companies that don't do it, and probably will never do it are the ones that are involved in this issue of privacy, not pushing records offshore. In many companies' cases they would not be able to do that. And they should not do that.

    DOBBS: None of them should be doing that in my humble estimation because it is proprietary, personal, it is a matter of U.S. privacy law. Let me turn to you, Chris Larsen because your company is unique. You are not only outsourcing, you are telling people you are outsourcing and you are giving your customers a choice about the impact of outsourcing. How is it working when you give your customers at E- Loans a choice between India and American service?

    CHRIS LARSEN, CEO, E-LOAN: Well, we're surprised, it's actually a very high number, roughly 85 percent of our consumers are choosing to have their applications processed in India when given the choice. I think it really is a balance between, of course, trying to efficient and trying to be as fast as we possibly can. Consumers always want that but you have to be transparent and I think you have to give the control ultimately to the consumer and they make that decision of whether or not the benefit outweighs these consequences that I think are so stark.

    DOBBS: One of the complaints that I have heard from thousands of our viewers is that they will call up for a computer or financial services company, they will obviously be talking with someone in India or another country, and the person will identify themselves as Thom, Joan, John, or Suzie and obviously, those are phony names built for comfort, fictional comfort of the customer. Do you do that?

    LARSEN: No. We actually don't have any jobs in India that involve direct customer contact. I think that's one of the jobs that needs to be done in the U.S. because it's very nuanced, but I agree with you. I mean a lot of companies are going out of their way not only not disclosing but actually deceiving their customers. That's leading to a big consumer backlash and that definitely has to stop. We do believe disclosure is part of the answer. Clearly those are always troubling issues but if you disclose to the consumer, let the consumer choose, I think that's the right balance.

    DOBBS: George has a...

    COLONY: I want to ask Chris a question. Why are the consumers choosing to go with India and not the U.S.?

    LARSEN: In our case, what we do is we offer the consumers a time benefit. We're able to process home equity loans one to two days faster by using the advantages of the time offset, if you will. We haven't given the consumer a cost benefit. One versus the other. We think that's the way it's going to go.

    DOBBS: I guess my question here, Chris, why is there that -- and I was going to get back to this in just a moment. Since we're on the subject, as George is leading us to the point, why would there a time advantage dealing with India versus the United States? LARSEN: It's almost like having a graveyard shift that we're using in India, because it's almost a 12-hour offset, we can do some processing beginning here in the U.S. and then during our nighttime, their day time, continue the processing through PDF that we are sending over there, they send that completed work back to us so it works well from that perspective.

    PATERSON: I was wondering if the fact that in India that the cost of hiring the workers is often 50 to 68 percent less than it is in America you could actually have more workers and you would have a better service because you have more people involved in it and it makes people in this country appear, not to be working as hard, when actually they are, in a sense, beaten by the salaries that they make here in the United States.

    DOBBS: Well, let's -- let's ask Chris to answer that first, if we could.

    LARSEN: Yes, I don't know if that's really so much the case. I do agree with the earlier comment, some of these jobs are not well suited and are much harder, actually, to use in the offshore outsourcing. I think companies do have to be very careful. There are clearly some jobs that are extremely well suited.

    DOBBS: How much money are you saving at E-Loans to do this?

    LARSEN: We don't have the exact data yet. I think if you'll look at some of the typical jobs it's 40 percent of the cost you would be paying here in certain positions. Clearly there's a cost savings. I do believe where we're going to be going with this as an industry. You are going to have to offer a consumer a cost break on having your data sent overseas.

    DOBBS: What percentage of labor -- I guess the question is this. In your total scheme of things, how large a factor are labor costs in your margins?

    LARSEN: It's pretty heavy, about 70 percent. So it definitely is a very significant component. Particularly in some of the back office functions. So it is significant. It can't be ignored if you are really going to have the most competitive price out there to your customers.

    DOBBS: Are your competitors doing it as well?

    LARSEN: You know, in our industry, it is just rampant. If people aren't doing it now. They are talking about it. I think it's going to accelerate.

    DOBBS: George, it sounds like your number may be a little conservative.

    COLONY: We don't think so. We think that number is a little conservative but not off by very much. It could be 4 million...

    DOBBS: I've never known Forrester Research to be less than competent...

    COLONY: But one point, Chris, you may not like this, Lou, but...

    DOBBS: It doesn't matter.

    COLONY: As we talk to our clients who are having software developed overseas, the software developed overseas is of higher quality. That's a big surprise. It's lower cost but it's higher quality. There's a quality measure in software called CMM and five is the highest, one is the lowest. What we're finding with our clients is that the software developed in India is CMM level 4 or 5. And software developed by EDS, Accenture's 2 to 3. And that's really...


    DOBBS: ...outsourcing there so I don't know what that means. Because their entire development...

    COLONY: This is six months ago, of course, they're headed there now.

    DOBBS: They're there. They have been outsourcing all of their material.

    COLONY: What they are finding is the quality of software is rising. That's the disturbing part of this.

    DOBBS: That is disturbing. We are going to have to talk about it more. I think it should be disturbing for everyone. This country is where software was pioneered and innovated and you're telling us it is actually being produced and coded better...

    COLONY: Higher quality.

    DOBBS: That's remarkable. You're right, I don't like it a bit and I'm going to check it out. Thanks a lot, George. And Chris, we thank you very much for being here, as you might guess, I'd like to you take a look at figuring out another way to improve margins but I have a feeling you are going to be a tough sell. We'll talk about it more. I give you my compliments for being straightforward about it and straight up. And we thank you very much as well, Senator Paterson for being with us.

    PATERSON: I was saying I hope that other business people are as responsible as Chris is, but as a government I don't think taxpayer dollars need to be going to subsidize companies who may be causing Americans to lose jobs.

    DOBBS: Straight up, Amen. As I say, I applaud Chris and his company for being honest about it. I wish they would also be restrained and keep those jobs where they belong in my humble opinion. Gentlemen, thanks a lot for an interesting discussion, appreciate it.

    When we continue here, health officials are fighting back against a wave of exotic diseases that could threaten mankind. We'll have a Special Report for you. And American car makers, pass their European competitors in one very important category. We'll have that and a great deal more ahead. Stay with us.


    DOBBS: Health officials are trying to develop new ways to fight new diseases such as SARS, mad cow and West Nile virus. With the increase in travel and trade, these diseases know no geographic boundaries. Kitty Pilgrim has the report.


    KITTY PILGRIM, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): SARS, West Nile, mad cow, avian flu, monkeypox, there are so many new diseases these days the U.S. Centers for Disease Control is calling it the, quote, "new normal."

    JIM HUGHES, CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION: Over the last two years there have been quite a number of examples of emerging global microbial threats. We're constantly reminded of the fact that an infectious disease problem in another part of the world can be rather rapidly on our doorstep and in our midst.

    PILGRIM: At least ten infectious diseases that the CDC has been battling have come from animals and have now infected humans. Carried by cows or birds or mosquitoes or transferred to humans who travel by plane, the new diseases know no boundaries. The Centers for Disease Control recently held a conference to talk with 65 countries about better reporting and coordination. The U.S. contagion efforts have been effective. The CDC sent teams to help other countries. 84 people were sent to ten Asian countries to help with the recent SARS outbreak. Some say China initially didn't understand about international cooperation.

    DR. WILLIAM SCHAFFNER, INFECTIOUS DISEASE SPECIALIST, VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY: China was in denial. They tried to deal with this internally for the longest time without reporting it to the World Health Organization. And I think the Chinese colleagues have learned enormously from that. And in the current bird flu outbreaks, et cetera, they are very much more open. They have welcomed people into China.

    PILGRIM: New diseases have called for new measures. Screening passengers on airplanes for SARS. Civet cats destroyed in some animal markets in Guankong (ph), China, for SARS control, killing hundreds of millions of chickens in Asia. Quarantining farms in Delaware and Texas for avian flu, spraying for West Nile virus, bans on the sale of prairie dogs after a monkeypox outbreak.


    PILGRIM: The biggest reason why some countries don't report a disease is fear of economic repercussions. But recent outbreaks of SARS and bird flu and mad cow have proven it's considerably more costly to hold back on the information in the long run -- Lou.

    DOBBS: Thank you, Kitty. Up next here, some good news tonight for U.S. car makers. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

    UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That reliability increase that we have seen over the past five or six years has really moved them forward and ahead of the European manufacturers.


    DOBBS: A major achievement for the hubble space telescope. Images truly out of this world. We'll return with that in just a moment.


    DOBBS: Incredibly for the first time in more than two decades American car makers overtaking the European competitors in overall reliability. That according to the latest test conducted by "Consumer Reports." American cars ranking above the European automobiles in several categories. Bill Tucker has the story.


    BILL TUCKER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It was a rough climb but after 24 years, Detroit has won some bragging rights over its European competition.

    MICHAEL FLYNN, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN: They have been making for some years now a series of incremental improvements in how they design and build cars.

    TUCKER: Ford was the big winner with its Ford Focus named best of class in small cars and most fun to drive. But there was plenty of glory to go around. GM's Buick Regal was rated as the most reliable family sedan over the past 3 years and it's Monte Carlo was named the most reliable of all GM models. The American made Jeep Liberty was named Chrysler's most reliable and the PT Cruiser earned higher than average marks from "Consumer Reports."

    DAVID CHAMPION, CONSUMER REPORTS: What they've done is attention to detail. Like the Japanese do, great attention to detail all the little problems they've put to bed. The domestic manufacturers really look at those and really put a system in to put those problems to bed. And we're seeing basically the fruits of their work.

    TUCKER: The news for Europeans was less happy. All Mercedes- Benz models rated below average as you did all Audis. The BMW 7 series and the Mini Cooper made it big in the movies with "The Italian Job" but not in the ratings.

    MICHELINE MAYNARD, AUTHOR "THE END OF DETROIT": Consumers don't base European cars based on quality ratings. They are looking for things like engines performance, technology and these are areas that the Europeans still do well.

    TUCKER: As good as the news for Detroit, there is still room for improvement. (END VIDEOTAPE)

    TUCKER: After best in their competition from Europe, U.S. auto makers can now set their sight on Asia. Japan and Korean automakers continue to reign atop the "Consumer Reports" reliability ratings, Lou.

    DOBBS: Surprising news and great news for American car makers. It's great news. Thanks, Bill Tucker.

    Time now to take a lot of your thoughts on broken borders.

    Michael Keeley of Niwot, Colorado said, "Lou, why is it that U.S. citizens are being punished by exhaustive searches at U.S. airports, but President Bush feels that aliens coming across the Mexican border do not even need to follow the rules for proper identification?"

    Many of you wrote about the problems with electronic voting. Sagar of Belmar, New Jersey, "simply incredible, we can send rovers to Mars and control them from here, we can get receipts from ATMs, but we can get a print out of our vote."

    And Vicki Davis of Idaho Falls, Idaho, "a new computer system is not like a new car, just because it starts up doesn't mean that it's working. The issue is accuracy, accuracy and accuracy."

    Allen Kaltman of Jericho, New York, "Mr. Dobbs, as an information technology professional, I can assure you that there are only 2 kinds of people who are opposed to voting machines that can be audited, crooked politicians and idiots."

    On Exporting America from Hartford, Connecticut, "my fellow IT workers and I here in insurance city sure do appreciate what you are doing. I know first had that outsourcing has all but destroyed the job market in this region."

    And 17 year-old Andrew of Salinas, California, who will be voting for the first time in this presidential election this fall. "Lou, I am a huge fan of your show. I believe that you are one of the few persons who actually covers the issues instead of talking about Janet Jackson's breast."

    We thank you for that. And we love hearing from you. E-mail us at loudobbs@CNN.com.

    On Wall Street today, stocks fell. The Dow down 72, the Nasdaq fell 13, the S&P dropped 6.

    We continue here in just a moment. Before we do, a reminder to check on our Web site for the now list of more than 400 companies we confirmed to be exporting America. That's CNN.com/Lou.

    Next Hubble telescope, Hubble images. They are the deepest ever in our universe. Stay with us.

    (COMMERCIAL BREAK) DOBBS: Before we go to those Hubble images, the results of our poll tonight. 8 percent of you say you have a lot of confidence on electronic voting, 11 percent some, 11 percent little and an amazing 69 percent of you say you have no confidence in e-voting.

    And finally tonight, those images from Hubble. Astronomers today unveiled the deepest portraits of the visible universe ever taken. A stunning view that reinforces the importance of Hubble to the future of space exploration and science.


    DOBBS: Captured by the Hubble ultradeep field images, a different view of the universe.

    STEVEN BECKWITH, DIR. SPACE TELESCOPE SCIENCE INSTITUTE: You have all these little snakey things in there that we have never seen in a previous image. We're just looking back far enough into time, far enough into the universe that the universe looks quite different.

    DOBBS: The Hubble captured an estimated 10,000 galaxies. the deepest pictures of space ever taken and may reveal what caused the reheating of the universe a billion years after the Big Bang.

    MICHAEL SHARA, ASTROPHYSICIST: What we're doing here is drilling through the universe to a time far away and far back in time when the galaxies were very very young, and when many different things like star formation, galaxy assembly, super novic explosions were happening in profusion across the universe.

    DOBBS: During its nearly 14 years in orbit, Hubble has proven to be one of the most significant and successful scientific instruments in its time.

    CHARLES LIU, PROF. ASTROPHYSICS CUNY: The Hubble Space Telescope has made a greater impact on basic research in astronomy in particular, than any other instrument of our generation. Today's results are just 1 example of the ways that it's opening up the frontiers of astronomy and astrophysics and answering, helping us to answer, anyway, the basic questions about our universe.

    DOBBS: But Hubble's future is now uncertain. NASA has decided not to provide Hubble with future service missions on the shuttle, because of safety concerns. This would render the space telescope inoperable in 2 to 4 years.

    KELLY BEATTY, SKY & TELESCOPE MAGAZINE: Hubble is like a well maintained antique car and as long as you keep it well maintained, it's going to perform for you.

    DOBBS: If Hubble were to receive a 4th and final upgrade, astronomers claim it could be 10 times more powerful, seeing even deeper into space and extending its life into the next decade.

    (END VIDEOTAPE) DOBBS: NASA administrator, Sean O'Keefe, announced in January the Hubble will be serviced. A mission was supposed to take place in 2006, that decision is now under review. There is also a push on Capitol Hill to keep the Hubble in operation.

    That's our show for tonight. We thank you for being with us. Tomorrow, noted economist Paul Craig Roberts joins me. Roberts warns that this country could be a third world country within 20 years. And then face-off, e-voting, a threat to our democracy. And we'll have a special report on the Sierra Club, the contest between the environment and immigration.

    Please join us tomorrow. For all of us here, good night from New York. "ANDERSON COOPER" is next.

  5. by   jnette
    I absolutely adore Lou Dobbs. I find him to be extrememly fairminded, and one of the most intelligent individuals I've ever had the pleasure of watching/listening to. I watch him every night without fail.
  6. by   ArleneG
    I too have been following Lou Dobbs and his series on Exporting America. I find it alarming the amount of US corporations who are firing all of their workers and rehiring employees in India and China. I don't know what the solution is. This country is going to be destroyed by greed.
  7. by   fergus51
    I even like him! He is definitely on the right politically, but he's consistent with it (unlike you know who). He's the kind of man I respect even though I don't always agree with him. He's the kind of conservative I can understand!
  8. by   jnette
    Quote from fergus51
    I even like him! He is definitely on the right politically, but he's consistent with it (unlike you know who). He's the kind of man I respect even though I don't always agree with him. He's the kind of conservative I can understand!
    He definately has no qualms about telling it like it is, Fergus ! And he doesn't care WHOM it offends... be they from the left or the right ! He won't back down, either. And even though he's from the right, as you say, he certainly has more than raised his eyebrows this year at some of the things this admin. has pulled.

    I find him to be one of the most believable commentators I've ever watched... and he won't say anything unless he has the facts to back them up. He definately does his homework. I like his style. A man of integrity.